Halal Database – e code

E-Code Products ( Halal, Haram ,Syubhah)

 

E code Products 300x246 Halal Database   e codeChemical Name

Description

Remarks

100

Curcumin (C.I. 75300)

Colouring

Orange-yellow colouring extracted from the rhizome of a plant of the ginger family called Curcuma longa (turmeric)

101

Riboflavin/Lactofavin/Vitamin B2 *

Colouring/ Vitamin

Yellow or orange-yellow colouring manufactured from yeast or other fermenting organisms. May also be synthesised from xylene, ribose or alloxan

102

Tartrazine/FD&C Yellow 5 (C.I. 19140)

Colouring

Synthetic yellow colouring

104

Quinoline Yellow (C.I. 47005)

Colouring

Synthetic dull yellow colouring

107

Yellow 2G (C.I. 18965)

Colouring

Synthetic yellow colouring

110

Sunset Yellow FCF/FD&C Yellow 6 (C.I. 15985)

Colouring

Synthetic yellow colouring

120

Cochineal/Carminic acid/Carmines (C.I. 75470) *

Colouring

Natural red colouring which may be extracted from the bodies of female insects called Dactilopius coccus

122

Carmoisine/Azorubine (C.I. 14720)

Colouring

Synthetic red colouring

123

Amaranth/FD&C Red 2 (C.I. 16185)

Colouring

Synthetic purplish red colouring

124

Ponceau 4R/Cochineal Red A (C.I. 16255)

Colouring

Synthetic red colouring

127

Erythrosine/FD&C Red 3 (C.I. 45430)

Colouring

Synthetic cherry pink to red colouring

128

Red 2G (C.I. 18050)

Colouring

Synthetic red colouring

129

Allura Red AC/Food Red 17/FD&C Red 40 (C.I. 16035)

Colouring

Synthetic red colouring

131

Patent Blue V (C.I. 42051)

Colouring

Synthetic dark bluish-violet colour

132

Indigo Carmine/Indigotine/FD&C Blue 2 (C.I. 73015)

Colouring

Synthetic blue colouring

133

Brilliant Blue FCF/FD&C Blue 1 (C.I. 42090)

Colouring

Synthetic blue colouring

140

Chlorophyll (C.I. 75810) *

Colouring

Natural olive to dark green colouring found in many plants. Solvents such as ethanol are used in the extraction of chlorophyll

141

Copper Complexes of Chlorophyll (C.I. 75810) *

Colouring

Olive-green colouring which is derived from the substitution of magnesium ion in chlorophyll with copper

142

Green S/Acid Brilliant Green BS/Food green S/Lissamine green (C.I 44090)

Colouring

Synthetic green colouring

150

Caramel

Colouring

Dark brown colouring prepared by the controlled heat treatment of carbohydrates (e.g. glucose syrup, sucrose)

151

Brilliant Black BN (C.I. 28440)

Colouring

Synthetic black colouring

153

Carbon Black/Vegetable Carbon *

Colouring

Black colouring which may be prepared from animal charcoal or vegetable sources. The commercial source is mainly from plant material

154

Brown FK/Food Brown

Colouring

Synthetic brown colouring

155

Brown HT/Chocolate Brown HT (C.I. 20285)

Colouring

Synthetic brown colouring

160a

Alpha-/Beta-/Gamma-Carotene (C.I. 75130) *

Colouring

Orange-yellow colouring which is naturally found in many plants including in carrots. May be commercially synthesised in the laboratory

160b

Annatto/Bixin/Norbixin (C.I. 75120) *

Colouring

Yellow to peach colouring naturally found in the pericarp (seed coat) of the Annato tree. May be extracted by means of water-soluble or oil-soluble methods

160c

Capsanthin/Capsorubin/Paprika extract *

Colouring

Red to orange colouring prepared by solvent extraction of the fruit pods and seeds of Capsicum annuum

160d

Lycopene (C.I. 75125) *

Colouring

Natural red colouring extracted from tomatoes

160e

Beta-apo-8′-carotenal/Beta-8’-apocarotenal *

Colouring

Synthetic orange to yellowish-red colouring

160f

Ethyl ester of Beta-apo-8-carotenoic acid *

Colouring

Synthetic orange to yellow colouring

161a

Flavoxanthin *

Colouring

Yellow colouring which is a derivative of carotene (E160a). May contain other substances such as oils and fats derived from the source material

161b

Lutein *

Colouring

Natural yellow to reddish colouring taken from plant extract. May also be obtained from the same source as chlorophyll (E140)

161c

Cryptoxanthin *

Colouring

Yellow colouring present in plants, orange rind, egg yolk and butter

161d

Rubixanthin *

Colouring

Yellow colouring present in rosehips

161e

Violaxanthin *

Colouring

Yellow colouring taken from plants e.g. yellow pansies

161f

Rhodoxanthin *

Colouring

Yellow colouring found in the seeds of the yew tree

161g

Canthaxanthin (C.I. 40850) *

Colouring

Orange colouring isolated from some mushrooms. May be commercially produced as part of the synthesis of carotene (E160a)

162

Beet Red/Betanin/Betanidin

Colouring

Deep purplish-red colouring extracted from beetroot

163

Anthocyanins *

Colouring

Red, blue colouring extracted from grape-skin extract and/or red cabbage by means of water, methanol or ethanol

170

Calcium Carbonate/Chalk (C.I. 77220) *

Inorganic colouring

May be extracted from naturally occurring white mineral or animal bones

171

Titanium Dioxide (C.I. 77891)

Inorganic colouring

White colouring prepared from naturally occurring mineral ilmenite

172

Iron Oxides/Red: 77491/Black: 77499 (Yellow: C.I. 77492)

Inorganic colouring

Yellow, red, orange, brown and black colouring from naturally occurring pigments or iron

173

Aluminium (C.I. 77000)

Inorganic colouring

Naturally occurring metallic colour from bauxite

174

Silver (C.I. 77820)

Inorganic colouring

Metallic colour from naturally occurring metal

175

Gold (C.I. 77480)

Inorganic colouring

Metallic colour from naturally occurring metal

180

Pigment Rubine/Lithol Rubine BK (C.I. 15850)

Inorganic colouring

Synthetic red colouring

200

Sorbic Acid

Preservative

Naturally occurring in some fruits. May be synthetically manufactured from ketene

201

Sodium Sorbate

Preservative

Manufactured by neutralisation of sorbic acid (E200)

202

Potassium Sorbate

Preservative

Manufactured by neutralisation of sorbic acid (E200)

203

Calcium Sorbate

Preservative

Manufactured by neutralisation of sorbic acid (E200)

210

Benzoic Acid

Preservative

Naturally occurring in many edible berries, fruits and vegetables. May also be synthetically produced

211

Sodium Benzoate

Preservative

Sodium salt of benzoic acid (E210)

212

Potassium Benzoate

Preservative

Potassium salt of benzoic acid (E210)

213

Calcium Benzoate

Preservative

Calcium salt of benzoic acid (E210)

214

Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate/Ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate

Preservative

Manufactured from benzoic acid (E210)

215

Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, Sodium Salt/Sodium ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate

Preservative

Manufactured from benzoic acid (E210)

216

Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate/Propylparaben

Preservative

Manufactured from benzoic acid (E210)

217

Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, Sodium Salt

Preservative

Manufactured from benzoic acid (E210)

218

Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate/Methylparaben

Preservative

Manufactured from benzoic acid (E210)

219

Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, Sodium Salt

Preservative

Manufactured from benzoic acid (E210)

220

Sulphur Dioxide

Preservative

Manufactured chemically by the combustion of sulphur or gypsum

221

Sodium Sulphite

Preservative

Sodium salt of sulphurous acid

222

Sodium Hydrogen Sulphite/Sodium Bisulphite

Preservative

Sodium salt of sulphurous acid

223

Sodium Metabisulphite

Preservative

Sodium salt of sulphurous acid

224

Potassium Metabisulphite/Potassium Pyrosulphite

Preservative

Potassium salt of sulphurous acid

225

Potassium Sulphite

Preservative

Potassium salt of sulphurous acid

226

Calcium Sulphite

Preservative

Calcium salt of sulphurous acid

227

Calcium Hydrogen Sulphite/Calcium Bisulphite

Preservative

Calcium salt of sulphurous acid

230

Biphenyl/Diphenyl

Preservative

Synthetically produced by action of heat on benzene

231

2-Hydroxybiphenyl

Preservative

Manufactured from phenyl ether or dibenzofuran

232

Sodium Biphenyl-2-yl-oxide

Preservative

Synthetically produced

233

2-(Thiazol-4-yl) Benzimidazole

Preservative

Chemically synthesised

234

Nisin *

Preservative

Produced by the growth of a bacterium called Streptococcus lactis.

235

Natamycin/Pimaricin *

Preservative

Produced by the growth of a bacterium called Strepmyces natalensis

236

Formic Acid

Preservative

Produced commercially by heating carbon monoxide and sodium hydroxide under pressure and decomposing the resulting sodium formate with sulphuric acid

237

Sodium Formate

Preservative

Sodium salt of formic acid (E236)

238

Calcium Formate

Preservative

Calcium salt of formic acid (E236)

239

Hexamine

Preservative

Manufactured from formaldehdye and ammonia

249

Potassium Nitrite

Preservative

Potassium salt of nitrous acid

250

Sodium Nitrite

Preservative

Manufactured from sodium nitrate by bacterial or chemical actions

251

Sodium Nitrate

Preservative

Naturally occurring mineral

252

Potassium Nitrate/Saltpetre *

Preservative

Naturally occurring mineral. May also be artificially produced from vegetable material and waste animal

260

Acetic Acid *

Food Acid

Commercially manufactured by the action of methanol and carbon monoxide. The acetic acid in vinegar may be produced by the action of bacterium Acetobacter on alcohol

261

Potassium Acetate

Food Acid

Potassium salt of acetic acid (E260)

262

Sodium Acetate

Food Acid

Sodium salt of acetic acid (E260)

263

Calcium Acetate

Food Acid

Calcium salt of acetic acid (E260)

264

Ammonium Acetate

Food Acid

Ammonium salt of acetic acid (E260)

270

Lactic Acid *

Food Acid

Commercially produced by heat treatment of carbohydrate, such as whey, and fermented by bacteria such as Bacillus acidilacti, Lactobacillus delbueckii or L. bulgaricus

280

Propionic Acid *

Preservative

May be commercially derived from natural gas or from wood pulp waste liquor by the fermentation activity of Propionibacteria

281

Sodium Propionate *

Preservative

Sodium salt of propionic acid (E280)

282

Calcium Propionate *

Preservative

Calcium salt of propionic acid (E280)

283

Potassium Propionate *

Preservative

Potassium salt of propionic acid (E280)

290

Carbon Dioxide

Propellant

Naturally occuring. May also be produced by way of fermentation or acid-carbonate reaction

296

Malic Acid (DL- or L-)

Food Acid

Commercially synthesised by means of heating malic with sulphuric acid

297

Fumaric Acid *

Food Acid

Commercially prepared by glucose fermentation using fungi such as Rhizopus nigricans

300

L-Ascorbic Acid/Vitamin C *

Antioxidant/ Vitamin

Occurs naturally in many fruits and vegetables. May be synthesised from the hydrogenation of glucose to sorbitol and its eventual conversion to ascorbic acid. May also be biologically synthesised through means of fermentation

301

Sodium Ascorbate

Antioxidant/ Vitamin

Synthetic sodium salt of ascorbic acid (E300)

302

Calcium Ascorbate

Antioxidant/ Vitamin

Synthetic calcium salt of ascorbic acid (E300)

303

Potassium Ascorbate

Antioxidant/ Vitamin

Synthetic potassium salt of ascorbic acid (E300)

304

Ascorbyl Palmitate *

Antioxidant/ Vitamin

Ascorbic acid ester comprising ascorbic acid and palmitic acid

306

Tocopherol Concentrate, Mixed/Vitamin E

Antioxidant/ Vitamin

Extracts from soya bean oil, rice germ, wheat germ, maize and green leaves

307

Synthetic Alpha-Tocopherol

Antioxidant/ Vitamin

Manufactured by chemical synthesis

308

Synthetic Gamma-Tocopherol

Antioxidant/ Vitamin

Manufactured by chemical synthesis

309

Synthetic Delta-Tocopherol

Antioxidant/ Vitamin

Manufactured by chemical synthesis

310

Propyl Gallate

Antioxidant

Manufactured from gallic acid found in the tannins of nut galls. May also be produced from the hydrolysis of tannase, which may occur in spent fungal broth

311

Octyl Gallate

Antioxidant

Manufactured from gallic acid found in the tannins of nut galls. May also be produced from the hydrolysis of tannase, which may occur in spent fungal broth

312

Dodecyl Gallate

Antioxidant

Manufactured from gallic acid found in the tannins of nut galls. May also be produced from the hydrolysis of tannase, which may occur in spent fungal broth

317

Erythorbic Acid/Iso-ascorbic Acid *

Antioxidant

Commercially produced from sucrose by fermentation with Penicillium sp.

318

Sodium Erythorbate/Sodium Iso-Ascorbate *

Antioxidant

Sodium salt of erythorbic acid (E317)

319

tert-Butylhydroquinone/TBHQ

Antioxidant

Derived from petroleum

320

Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) *

Antioxidant

Commercially prepared from p-methoxyphenol and isobutene

321

Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) *

Antioxidant

Prepared synthetically from p-cresol and isobutylene

322

Lecithins *

Emulsifier/ Antioxidant

Obtained from animal or vegetable materials through physical procedures. Most lecithin are commercially obtained from soya beans

325

Sodium Lactate *

Food Acid

Sodium salt of lactic acid (E270)

326

Potassium Lactate *

Food Acid

Potassium salt of lactic acid (E270)

327

Calcium Lactate *

Food Acid

Calcium salt of lactic acid (E270)

328

Ammonium Lactate *

Food Acid

Ammonium salt of lactic acid (E270)

329

Magnesium Lactate *

Food Acid

Magnesium salt of lactic acid (E270)

330

Citric Acid *

Food Acid

Commercially prepared by the fermentation of molasses with fungal strains of Aspergillus niger. May also be isolated from pineapple by-products and low-grade lemons

331

Sodium Citrates *

Food Acid

Sodium salt of citric acid (E330)

332

Potassium Citrates *

Food Acid

Potassium salt of citric acid (E330)

333

Calcium Citrates *

Food Acid

Calcium salt of citric acid (E330)

334

Tartaric Acid *

Food Acid

Most commercially available tartaric acid is manufactured as a by-product of the wide industry. May also be extracted from tamarind pulp

335

Sodium Tartrate *

Food Acid

Sodium salt of tartaric acid (E334)

336

Potassium Tartrate/Potassium Hydrogen Tartrate/Cream of Tartar *

Food Acid

By-product of the wine industry

337

Potassium Sodium Tartrate *

Food Acid

Derivative of tartaric acid (E334)

338

Phosphoric Acid/Orthophosphoric Acid

Miscellaneous

Manufactured from phosphate ore

339

Sodium Phosphates

Mineral Salt

Sodium salt of phosphoric acid (E338)

340

Potassium Phosphates

Mineral Salt

Potassium salt of phosphoric acid (E338)

341

Calcium Phosphates

Mineral Salt

Calcium salt of phosphoric acid (E338)

343

Magnesium Phosphates

Mineral Salt

Naturally occurring mineral

350

Sodium Malate/Sodium Hydrogen Malate

Food Acid

Sodium salt of malic acid (E296)

351

Potassium Malate.

Food Acid

Potassium salt of malic acid (E296)

352

Calcium Malate/Calcium Hydrogen Malate

Food Acid

Calcium salt of malic acid (E296)

353

Metatartaric Acid *

Sequestrant

Prepared from tartaric acid (E334)

355

Adipic Acid/Hexanedioic Acid

Buffer

Commercially produced by oxidising cyclohexanol with concentrated nitric acid

357

Potassium Adipate

Buffer

Potassium salt of adipic acid (E355)

363

Succinic Acid *

Buffer/ Food Acid*

Commercially prepared from acetic acid (E260)

365

Sodium Fumarate *

Food Acid

Sodium salt of fumaric acid (E297)

366

Potassium Fumarate *

Food Acid

Potassium salt of fumaric acid (E297)

367

Calcium Fumarate *

Food Acid

Calcium salt of fumaric acid (E297)

370

1,4-Heptonolactone

Sequestrant

Prepared from hydroxycarboxylic acid

375

Niacin/Nicotinic Acid/Nicotinamide

Vitamin

Commercially prepared by the oxidation of nicotine with concentrated nitric acid

380

Triammonium Citrate *

Buffer

Ammonium salt of citric acid (E330)

381

Ammonium Ferric Citrate *

Dietary Supplement

Prepared from citric acid (E330)

385

Calcium Disodium EDTA

Chelating Agent

Synthetically prepared

400

Alginic Acid

Vegetable Gum

Extracted from brown seaweeds such as the species of Laminaria, Macrocystis and Ascophyllum

401

Sodium Alginate

Vegetable Gum

Sodium salt of alginic acid (E400)

402

Potassium Alginate

Vegetable Gum

Potassium salt of alginic acid (E400)

403

Ammonium Alginate

Vegetable Gum

Ammonium salt of alginic acid (E400)

404

Calcium Alginate

Vegetable Gum

Calcium salt of alginic acid (E400)

405

Propane-1,2-Diol Alginate/Propylene Glycol Alginate/Alginate Ester

Vegetable Gum

Propylene glycol ester of alginic acid (E400)

406

Agar/Agar-Agar/Japanese Isinglass

Vegetable Gum

Extracted from red seaweeds such as the Gelidium amansii. May also be taken from members of the related red algae Rhodophyceae

407

Carrageenan/Irish Moss

Vegetable Gum

Occurs naturally in red seaweeds belonging to the Gigartinaceae, Solieriaceae, Hypnaceae and Furcellariaceae families

410

Locust Bean Gum/Carob Bean Gum

Vegetable Gum

Taken from the Locust or Carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua), which is an evergreen tree belonging to the Leguminoseae or pea family

412

Guar Gum

Vegetable Gum

Extracted from the seeds of Cyamopsis tetragonolobus, or C. psoraloides, a member of the pea family

413

Tragacanth/Gum Tragacanth

Vegetable Gum

Extracted from the trunk and branches of Astragalus gummifier and other species of the pea family

414

Acacia/Gum Arabic

Vegetable Gum

Occurs naturally in the stems and branches of Acacia senegal and members of the pea family

415

Xanthan Gum/Corn Sugar Gum *

Vegetable Gum

Produced by the fermentation of carbohydrate using a bacterium known as Xanthomonas campestris

416

Karaya Gum/Sterculia Gum

Vegetable Gum

Occurs naturally in the trunk and stem of the tree Sterculia urens

420

Sorbitol/Sorbitol Syrup *

Humectant

Commercially produced from glucose by hydrogenation or electrolytic reduction

421

Mannitol/Manna Sugar

Humectant

Prepared from seaweed or manna, the dried exudate of Fraxinus ornus. May be commercially prepared by the hydrogenation of invert sugar, monosaccharides and sucrose

422

Glycerol/Glycerin *

Humectant

Industrial by-product in the manufacture of soaps, candles and fatty acids from oils and fats. May also be synthesised from propylene or by the fermentation of sugars

430

Polyoxyethylene (8) Stearate *

Emulsifier

Synthesised using stearic acid (E570)

431

Polyoxyethylene (40) Stearate *

Emulsifier

Synthesised using stearic acid (E570)

432

Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monolaurate/Polysorbate 20/Tween 20 *

Emulsifier

Lauric ester of sorbitol and sorbitol anhydride

433

Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Mono-Oleate/Polysorbate 80/Tween 80 *

Emulsifier

Oleic ester of sorbitol and sorbitol anhydride

434

Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monopalmitate/Polysorbate 40/Tween 40 *

Emulsifier

Palmitate ester of sorbitol and sorbitol anhydride

435

Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monostearate/Polysorbate 60/Tween 60 *

Emulsifier

Stearic acid ester of sorbitol and sorbitol anhydride

436

Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Tristearate/Polysorbate 65/Tween 65 *

Emulsifier

Stearic acid ester of sorbitol and sorbitol anhydride

440a

Pectin

Stabiliser/ Thickening Agent

Apple residues and orange pith are commercial sources of pectin

440b

Amidated Pectin

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Derived from the treatment of pectin (E440a) with ammonia

441

Gelatine *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Obtained by boiling animal skin (usually cattle or pig’s), ligaments, bones, or any tissue that contains collagen

442

Ammonium Phosphatides/Emulsifier YN

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared synthetically

450

Sodium and Potassium Metaphosphates, Polyphosphates and Pyrophosphates

Mineral Salt

Sodium and potassium salt of phosphoric acid (E338)

460

Microcrystalline Cellulose/Powdered Cellulose

Anticaking Agent

Prepared from the cellulose component of plant cell wall

461

Methylcellulose/Cologel/Methocel

Vegetable Gum

Prepared from plant cellulose

463

Hydroxypropylcellulose

Vegetable Gum

Prepared from plant cellulose

464

Hydroxypropyl-Methylcellulose

Vegetable Gum

Prepared from plant cellulose

465

Ethylmethylcellulose

Vegetable Gum

Prepared from plant cellulose

466

Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose/CMC

Vegetable Gum

Prepared from plant cellulose

469

Sodium Caseinate

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Derived from the protein of cow’s milk

470

Sodium, Potassium and Calcium Salts of Fatty Acids *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared from fatty acids

471

Mono-and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Commercially prepared from glycerin (E422) and fatty acids

472

Various Esters of Glycerol *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared from esters of glycerol and fatty acids

473

Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared from esters of glycerol and sucrose

474

Sucroglycerides *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared by the action of sucrose on natural triglycerides (from lard, tallow, palm oil, etc)

475

Polyglycerol Esters of Fatty Acids *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared in the laboratory

476

Polyglycerol Esters of Polycendensed Fatty Acids of Castor Oil/Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared from castor oil and glycerol esters

477

Propane-1,2-Diol Esters of Fatty Acids *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared from propylene glycol

481

Sodium Stearoyl-2-Lactylate *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared from lactic acid (E270)

482

Calcium Stearoyl-2-Lactylate *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared from lactic acid (E270)

483

Stearyl Tartrate *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared from tartaric acid (E334)

491

Sorbitan Monostearate *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared synthetically from stearic acid (E570) and sorbitol (E420)

492

Sorbitan Tristearate/Span 65 *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared synthetically from stearic acid (E570) and sorbitol (E420)

493

Sorbitan Monolaurate/Span 20 *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared synthetically from sorbitol (E420) and lauric acid

494

Sorbitan Monooleate/Span 80 *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared synthetically from sorbitol (E420) and oleic acid

495

Sorbitan Monopalmitate/Span 40 *

Emulsifier/ Stabiliser

Prepared synthetically from sorbitol (E420) and palmitic acid

500

Sodium Carbonate/Sodium Bicarbonate/Baking Soda

Mineral Salt

Synthetically prepared. May also be manufactured by the Solvay process or electrolytically from sea water

501

Potassium Carbonate/Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate

Mineral Salt

Prepared by saturating a concentrated solution of potassium carbonate with carbon dioxide

503

Ammonium Bicarbonate/Ammonium Hydrogen Carbonate

Mineral Salt

Prepared by passing excess carbon dioxide through concentrated ammonia water

504

Magnesium Carbonate

Mineral Salt

May be prepared by mixing boiling concentrated solutions of magnesium sulphate and sodium carbonate

507

Hydrochloric Acid

Food Acid

Industrially produced by the reaction of sodium chloride and sulphuric acid

508

Potassium Chloride

Salt Substitute

Naturally occurs as a saline residue associated with rock salt

509

Calcium Chloride

Mineral Salt

Obtained as a by-product of the Solvay process and is also a product from natural salt brines

510

Ammonium Chloride

Flour Treatment Agent

Synthetically prepared

511

Magnesium Chloride

Firming Agent

Prepared from magnesium ammonium chloride hexahydrate, in the presence of hydrochloric acid

513

Sulphuric Acid

Food Acid

Commercially prepared by the ‘contact’ or ‘chamber’ process

514

Sodium Sulphate

Diluent

Naturally occurring

515

Potassium Sulphate

Salt Substitute

Naturally occurring

516

Calcium Sulphate

Flour Treatment Agent

Naturally occurring

518

Magnesium Sulphate

Dietary Supplement/ Firming Agent

Naturally occurring

519

Cupric Sulphate/Copper Sulphate

Preservative/ Colour Fixative

Industrially prepared by spraying hot dilute sulphuric acid on to scrap copper in a lead-lined tower

524

Sodium Hydroxide

Neutralising Agent

Prepared by electrolysis from brine, or precipitated from sodium carbonate and lime solution

525

Potassium Hydroxide

Oxidising Agent

Industrially prepared by electrolysis of potassium chloride

526

Calcium Hydroxide

Neutralising Agent

Prepared by the hydration of lime

527

Ammonium Hydroxide

Alkali

Prepared from ammonia gas

528

Magnesium Hydroxide

Alkali

Commercially prepared from magnesite ores

529

Calcium Oxide

Alkali

Prepared from limestone

530

Magnesium Oxide

Alkali

Commercially prepared from magnesite ores

535

Sodium Ferrocyanide

Anticaking Agent

Synthetically produced

536

Potassium Ferrocyanide

Anticaking Agent

Commercially prepared as a by-product in the purification of coal gas

540

Dicalcium Diphosphate

Buffer

Naturally occurring mineral. May also be synthetically produced

541

Sodium Aluminium Phosphate

Aerator/ Emulsifying Salt

Prepared from phosphoric acid (E338)

542

Edible Bone Phosphate/Bone Meal *

Anticaking Agent

Extract from animal bones

544

Calcium Polyphosphates *

Emulsifying Salt

Calcium salts of polyphosphoric acid

545

Ammonium Polyphosphates

Emulsifying Salt

Ammonium salts of polyphosphoric acid

551

Silicon Dioxide/Silica Salt

Anticaking Agent

Rock-forming mineral and sand which is composed mainly of quartz or flint

552

Calcium Silicate

Anticaking Agent

Commercially prepared from lime and diatomaceous earth

553a

Magnesium Silicate/Magnesium Trisilicate

Anticaking Agent

Synthetic compound of magnesium oxide and silicon dioxide. May also be prepared from sodium silicate and magnesium sulphate

553b

Talc

Anticaking Agent

Naturally occurring mineral

554

Aluminium Sodium Silicate/Sodium Aluminosilicate

Anticaking Agent

Prepared synthetically from quartz and gibbsite

556

Aluminium Calcium Silicate

Anticaking Agent

Naturally occurring mineral

558

Bentonite

Anticaking Agent

Naturally occurring

559

Kaolin

Anticaking Agent

Naturally occurring

570

Stearic Acid *

Anticaking Agent

Naturally occurring fatty acid found in all animal fats and vegetable oils. May be prepared synthetically for commercial use

572

Magnesium Stearate *

Anticaking Agent

Magnesium salt of stearic acid (E570)

575

Glucono Delta-Lactone *

Sequestrant

Prepared by the oxidation of glucose

576

Sodium Gluconate

Sequestrant

Sodium salt of gluconic acid

577

Potassium Gluconate

Sequestrant

Potassium salt of gluconic acid

578

Calcium Gluconate

Sequestrant

Calcium salt of gluconic acid

579

Ferrous Gluconate

Colouring/ Flavouring

Prepared from barium gluconate and ferrous sulphate

620

L-Glutamic Acid *

Flavour Enhancer

Commercially prepared by the fermentation of carbohydrate by a bacterium e.g. Micrococcus glutamicus

621

Monosodium Glutamate/MSG *

Flavour Enhancer

Sodium salt of glutamic acid (E620)

622

Monopotassium Glutamate *

Flavour Enhancer

Potassium salt of glutamic acid (E620)

623

Calcium Glutamate *

Flavour Enhancer

Calcium salt of glutamic acid (E620)

627

Disodium Guanylate *

Flavour Enhancer

Sodium salt of guanylic acid, a widely occurring nucleotide found in yeast extract and sardines. May be synthetically prepared from commercial use

631

Disodium Inosinate *

Flavour Enhancer

Sodium salt of inosinic acid, found in meat extract and sardines

635

Sodium 5′-Ribonucleotide *

Flavour Enhancer

Mixture of disodium guanylate (E627) and disodium inosinate (E631)

636

Maltol

Flavour Enhancer

Occurs naturally in the bark of larch trees, pine needles and roasted malt. May also be obtained by the alkaline hydrolysis of streptomycin salt

637

Ethyl Maltol

Flavour Enhancer

Prepared from maltol (E636)

900

Dimethylpolysiloxane/Dimethicone

Antifoaming Agent

A mixture of liquid dimethylpolysiloxane and silicon gel or silicon dioxide

901

Beeswax *

Glazing Agent

Naturally occurring from bee honeycomb. White beewax is bleached and purified

903

Carnauba Wax

Glazing Agent

Obtained from the surface of leaves of Copernicia cerifera, a Brazilian wax palm

904

Shellac *

Glazing Agent

Obtained from the resin produced by lac insect (Laccifer lacca)

905

Mineral Oil/Petrolatum

Glazing Agent

Derived from petroleum

907

Refined Microcrystalline Wax

Glazing Agent

Derived from petroleum

920

L-Cysteine Hydrochloride *

Flour Treatment Agent

Manufactured from animal hair and chicken feathers

924

Potassium Bromate

Flour Treatment Agent

Synthetically produced

925

Chlorine

Preservative/ Bleaching Agent

Commercially produced by electrolysis

926

Chlorine Dioxide

Bleaching Agent/ Improving Agent

Synthetically prepared

927

Azodicarbonamide/Azoformamide

Improving Agent

Synthetically prepared

928

Benzoyl Peroxide/Dibenzoyl Peroxide

Bleaching Agent

Synthetically prepared

931

Nitrogen

Propellant

Industrially produced by the reduction of ammonia or by the fractional distillation of liquid air

932

Nitrous Oxide

Propellant

Industrially produced by the thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate

950

Acesulphame Potassium/Sunett

Artificial Sweetener

Potassium salt of 6-methyl-1,2,3-oxathiazin-4(3H)-1,2,2-dioxide

951

Aspartame/Nutrasweet *

Artificial Sweetener

Commercially produced by combining two amino acids together, namely L-phenylalanine and L-aspartic acid

952

Cyclamic and its Calcium and Sodium Salts

Artificial Sweetener

Manufactured by many different methods

954

Saccharin and its Calcium and Sodium Salts

Artificial Sweetener

Manufactured by many different methods

957

Thaumatin

Artificial Sweetener

Derived from an African plant called Thaumococcus danielli

965

Hydrogenated Glucose Syrup *

Humectant

Derived from starches, which originate from many different sources, and broken down by enzymes and water to form glucose, oligosaccharides, followed by maltitol and sorbitol (E420)

967

Xylitol

Sweetener

Commercially produced as a waste product of the pulp industry

1200

Polydextrose *

Miscellaneous

Manufactured from glucose, citric acid and sorbitol

1201

Polyvinylpyrrolidone

Miscellaneous

Commercially produced from acetylene, hydrogen, formaldehyde and ammonia

1202

Polyvinyl Polypyrrolidone

Miscellaneous

It is the insolule form of polyvinylpyrrolidone (E1201)

1400

Dextrin

Thickener

May be produced by the dry heating of unmodified starch or in the presence of acids and buffers. Starches used are mainly from corn (maize) and tapioca

1403

Bleached Starch

Thickener

May be obtained by treating native starch with various chemicals including hydrogen peroxide, sodium chlorite or sulphur dioxide

1404

Oxidised Starch

Thickener

Produced by treating native starch with sodium hypochlorite

1405

Enzyme-treated Starch *

Thickener

Produced by subjecting corn starch to acid-enzyme treatment to yield glucose, maltose and higher oligosaccharides

1410

Monostarch Phosphate

Thickener

Produced by the esterification of native starch with orthophosphoric acid, sodium or potassium orthophosphate, or sodium tripolyphosphate

1412

Distarch Phosphate

Thickener

Produced by the esterification of native starch with sodium trimetaphosphate or phosphorus oxychloride

1413

Phosphated Distarch Phosphate

Thickener

Produced by the esterification of native starch with phosphate, and dually stabilised with a ‘monosubstituent group’ of phosphate

1414

Acetylated Distarch Phosphate

Thickener

Produced by the esterification of native starch with sodium trimetaphosphate or phosphorus oxychloride, and stabilised with a ‘monosubstituent group’ of acetate

1420

Starch Acetate Esterified with Acetic Anhydride

Thickener

Produced by the esterification of native starch with a mixed anhydride of adipic and acetic anhydride, and stabilised with a ‘monosubstituent group’ of acetate

1421

Starch Acetate Esterified with Vinyl Acetate

Thickener

Produced by the esterification of native starch with monosubstituent groups of vinyl acetate

1422

Acetylated Distarch Adipate

Thickener

Produced by the esterification of native starch with a mixed anhydride of adipic and acetic anhydride

1440

Hydroxypropyl Starch

Thickener

Produced by treating native starch with the hydroxypropyl group

1442

Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate

Thickener

Produced by the esterification of native starch with phosphate, and stabilised with a monosubstituent hydroxyl group

1450

Starch, Sodium Octenylsuccinate

Thickener

Produced by treating native starch with an octenylsuccinate half ester monosubstituent group

1505

Triethyl Citrate/Ethyl Citrate

Miscellaneous

Bitter oily liquid which is soluble in water and can be mixed with alcohol

1510

Ethyl Alcohol/Ethanol *

Miscellaneous

Produced by the fermentation of carbohydrates. May also be obtained from ethylene, acetylene or liquors from waste sulphites. Other manufacturing process includes hydrolysis of ethyl sulphate or by the oxidation of methane

1518

Triacetin/Glycerol Triacetate *

Miscellaneous

Produced by the acetylation of glycerol

1520

Propylene Glycol *

Miscellaneous

Commercially produced from propylene, or by heating glycerol with sodium hydroxide, or by reacting propylene oxide with water

Halal or Haram – find the source

* Syubhah/Doubtful (either by way of its source or manufacturing process)

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What Really Is Halal Food ?

Any Halal meat are foods that are allowed under Islamic dietary guidelines or permitted for consumption. Halal foods are the nature way of life as good, wholesome, pure, safe, clean, nourishing and healthy to consume.

Halal Food Guide

Remember, Halal can be eaten by non Muslims, however Muslims will only eat Halal Only.

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